Clan Carruthers, Genealogy

CLAN CARRUTHERS: a Scottish Genealogy Research Guide.

Attempting to help our family move genealogically from the darkness into the light.

Reproduced here by permission of bespokegenealogy

We have to appreciate that as humans we are all interconnected, but as we travel back in time the threads connecting us become much more tenuous and therefore open to abuse, especially with regards Scottish historical figures. As such, unless they are ‘off’ the Carruthers line they are not Carruthers.

With all the misunderstanding regarding the accuracy and use of DNA testing as a stand alone guide to your past, we thought it an idea to offer advice on doing your own genealogical research in an attempt to ensure a level of accuracy in your family tree.

We are all aware of the tedious but potentially enlightening investigative process in order to find the truth about our Scottich ancestors. However, if we wish to be accurate, this is usually through the undertaking of many hours of researching of such as; Scottish Census, Civil Registration, Church and Parish Records, Burial Records etc, but the end result is like coming from the dark into the light. Alternativly if you wish to simply tag onto someone else’s line on ancestry etc and buy into their mistakes, deliberate or otherwise, this blog may not be for you.

As well as access to our own excellent and highly skilled team of clan genealogists, we thought something of this nature would still be helpful to our many readers who wish to follow the truth.

We have therefore reproduced here, with the kind permission of Alistair McGowan of bespokegenealogy who has generously allowed our members access to his research and information.

Alistair McGowan

Alistair is originally from London with roots spread across the British Isles (He has a grandparent born in each of Scotland, Ireland, Wales and England) and now lives in Markham, Ontario.

He holds a Postgraduate Certificate in Genealogical, Paleographic and Heraldic Studies from the University of Strathclyde in Scotland as well as an MBA from the Open University in England.

Researching family history has become a major interest for many people and, with so much information now available on line, it’s never been easier to start researching your family tree.

The idea of Alistair’s site therefore is to help people with an interest in genealogy (especially those with roots in the UK and Ireland) make sense of what’s available on line as well giving some tips and tricks for beginners (and maybe for those more experienced as well). It will also have the latest genealogical news.

If however, you dont have the time or inclination, Alistair offers a professional service to help you get over that brick wall, or check what you have achieved to date here.

Everything below here is the compiled research of Alistair and we are grateful for his permission to share it in the hope that those searching for their ancestry are not duped by bizarre claims and false information from those who are unscrupulous in their dealings with our family’s name and history.

The Scottish Parish Register Guide with Archive & Family History Society Directory

This page contains affiliate links

The historic counties of Scotland are listed in the table below. For each county there is a link to the local archive and family history society. If you are visiting an archive in person, you can check their website to see details of collections, opening times, appointment procedure etc. The family history societies often have their own databases and online shops where you can buy discs of transcriptions of parish records. They can often also help you with your research for a fee.

Unlike England and Wales, the local archives in Scotland usually only have transcriptions of parish registers. The actual documents are held by the National Records of Scotland (NRS) in Edinburgh. If you are in Edinburgh, you can visit the NRS Scotland’s People Centre and access scans of parish registers as well as civil registration records on the computers in the search room for a fixed daily fee. See the website for current costs and how to book an appointment.

The scanned registers can also be accessed online on the Scotland’s People  website on a pay per view basis. See the website for current charges.

Family Search has transcriptions for a proportion of parish registers entries for births and marriages. These are two large collections and are not organized into counties. They are: Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950 and Scotland Marriages, 1561-1910.

Ancestry have the same two collections sourced from Family Search; Scotland, Select Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950 and Scotland, Select Marriages, 1561-1910.

FindMyPast also has the Baptism collection from Family Search; Scotland, Parish Births & Baptisms 1564-1929. In addition, they also hold the following (incomplete) collections: Scotland Roman Catholic Parish BaptismsScotland Roman Catholic Parish Burials   and Scotland Roman Catholic Parish Marriages .

The Genealogist has a small collection of Scottish parish register transcriptions:  Scottish Records.

CountyPhysical ArchiveFamily History Society
AberdeenshireAberdeen City and Aberdeenshire ArchivesAberdeen & North-East Scotland FHS
AngusAngus ArchivesTay Valley FHS
ArgyllArgyll & Bute ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
AyrshireAyreshire ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
BanffshireAberdeen City and Aberdeenshire ArchivesAberdeen & North-East Scotland FHS
BerwickshireBorders ArchivesBorders FHS
ButeshireArgyll & Bute ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
CaithnessCaithness Archive CentreCaithness FHS
ClackmannanshireClackmannanshire ArchivesCentral Scotland FHS
DumfriesshireDumfries & Galloway ArchivesDumfries & Galloway FHS
Dunbartonshire EastEast Dunbartonshire ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
Dunbartonshire WestWest Dunbarton ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
East LothianJohn Gray CentreLothians FHS
FifeFife ArchivesFife FHS
Inverness-ShireHighlands Archive CentreHighland FHS
KincardineshireAberdeen City and Aberdeenshire ArchivesAberdeen & North-East Scotland FHS
Kinross-ShirePerth & Kinross ArchivesTay Valley FHS
KirkcudbrightshireDumfries & Galloway ArchivesDumfries & Galloway FHS
Lanarkshire NorthNorth Lanarkshire ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
Lanarkshire SouthSouth Lanarkshire ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
MidlothianMidlothian ArchivesLothians FHS
MorayAberdeen City and Aberdeenshire ArchivesAberdeen & North-East Scotland FHS
NairnshireHighlands Archive CentreHighland FHS
OrkneyOrkney Library & ArchiveOrkney FHS
PeebleshireBorders ArchivesBorders FHS
PerthshirePerth & Kinross ArchivesTay Valley FHS
RenfrewshireEast Renfrewshire ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
Ross & CromartyHighlands Archive CentreHighland FHS
RoxburghshireBorders ArchivesBorders FHS
SelkirkshireBorders ArchivesBorders FHS
ShetlandShetland ArchivesShetland FHS
StirlingshireStirling ArchivesThe Glasgow & West of Scotland FHS
SutherlandHighlands Archive CentreHighland FHS
West LothianWest Lothian ArchivesLothians FHS
WigtownshireDumfries & Galloway ArchivesDumfries & Galloway FHS

Scotland is blessed with some of the best genealogy records anywhere in the world. You may think that you can only access them on pay per view or subscription sites. The good news is that there are plenty of free resources available. Here are the top free Scottish genealogy websites.

Family Search

Go to Family Search

This site needs no introduction and has resources from all over the world. In the Records section, there are four specific Scotland databases:

In addition, there are another 12 UK collections which include Scotland. You can find the complete list here.

As well as these record sets, don’t forget to check the Books section on Family Search. Here you’ll find thousands of digitized books, including works on Scottish families and Scotland.

Scotland’s People

Go to Scotland’s People

This is the Scottish Government site where you can pay to download important Scottish genealogy documents including civil birth, marriage and death records, parish registers and census returns. I’ve included it here as it is free to search and you can still get useful information from the indexes. For example, you can find the name of a spouse on a marriage entry.

For more on this site, see: Scottish Genealogy: Making the Most of Scotland’s People

Scotland BDM Exchange

Go to Scotland BDM

Before you buy a vital record from Scotland’s People, you should check this site first. The Scotland BDM Exchange is a free resource where people can exchange birth, death and marriage records of Scottish ancestors.

Scotland’s Places

Go to Scotland’s Places

Scotland’s Places is a database site giving free access to early Scottish tax records. Resources include Carriage tax rolls (1785-1798), Cart tax rolls (1785-1798), Clock and watch tax rolls (1797-1798), Dog tax rolls (1797-1798) and many more.

For more on this useful resource see: Free Scottish Genealogy on ScotlandsPlaces

National Library of Scotland Internet Archive Page

Go to the NLS Internet Archive page

The NLS page on the Internet Archive is an extremely useful collection of books, manuscripts, maps, directories, military lists, family histories etc. relating to Scotland.

Free Online Books

As well as the Internet Archive (mentioned above), there are several other sites that give access to free digitized historical books. These will include books on Scotland and Scottish genealogy. See this article for more information and links: Where to Find Free Genealogy Books

National Library of Scotland; Scottish Post Office Directories

Go to NLS Post Office Directories

This NLS collection contains over 700 digitized post office directories from 1773 to 1911. For more on directories see: Use Historical Directories to find your Ancestors

National Library of Scotland Maps Page

Go to NLS Maps

This is another great free NLS resource. Here you will find a huge collection of digitized Scottish maps from the 1500s to the 1900s. These maps are useful for learning more about where your ancestors lived. For more on this resource see: How to find free historical UK maps online

Statistical Accounts of Scotland

Go to SAS

The Statistical Accounts of Scotland were surveys undertaken by parish ministers from the Church of Scotland between 1791 and 1799 and 1834-1845. These Accounts provide useful information about local communities in Scotland. They cover population, industry, transport, geography and culture.


Go to FreeCEN

FreeCEN’s volunteers are transcribing the data from the UK’s (including Scotland’s) census returns 1841- 1891. Much work has already been completed and details of coverage can be found here. Note: little progress has been made on the 1881 census as this is freely available on other sites such as Family Search. 

For more information on British censuses see The Complete Guide to the British Census

Find A Grave

Go to Find A Grave

This site records the graves of people around the World including Scotland. It relies on volunteer contributors to photograph and record inscriptions. It is free to access and is fully searchable

War Memorials Register

Go to the War Memorials Register

Compiled by the Imperial War Museum, this Register currently holds records of 90,000 memorials in the British Isles, including Scotland. Memorials often list the names of the individuals they commemorate.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Go to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission

On this free site you can locate the graves of Scottish servicemen, (along with their British and Commonwealth comrades) killed in action during conflicts from the First World War onward.

The Highland Clearances

Go to the Clearances

This site has information on the Scottish emigrants who headed to countries around the world, after they were forced to leave their crofts in the Scottish Highlands. It tells the stories of these people and includes a database containing the names of many individuals.

The Scottish Emigration Database

Go to the Scottish Emigration Database

This site is a project from the University of Aberdeen. It contains records of over 21,000 passengers who embarked at Scottish ports headed for non-European destinations between 1890 and 1960.

The Glasgow Herald on Google

Go to Google

You’ll find an almost full digitized set of “The Glasgow Herald” here. The years covered are 1806 to 1990 and are available free in Google’s newspaper section. These collections are fully browsable, so if you have an idea of the date a particular event took place, you can browse the papers. The search function on the Newspapers page doesn’t work very well.

Some other Scottish newspapers are also available on Google. A full list of their Worldwide newspaper collection can be found here.

The Edinburgh Gazette

Go to The Gazette

The Edinburgh Gazette, along with sister papers the London Gazette and the Belfast Gazette are the official publications of record of the British Government.

The Gazette’s archive can be searched for free and contain over 350 years worth of valuable genealogical information. Military supplements are regularly published and can also be accessed in the archives. These supplements contain medals and awards information as well as deployment and promotion details.

For more information about this free resource see: An Amazing Free British Genealogy Resource: The Gazette

The Word on the Street

Go to the Word on the Street

This resource is a database of almost 1800 Scottish broadsides (which was an early tabloid) from the National Library of Scotland. The collection spans the years 1650 to 1910.

British History Online

Go to BHO

BHO has a vast amount of free Scottish resources available from the medieval period to the 20th century. Records include maps and journals.

Electric Scotland

Go to Electric Scotland

This comprehensive site contains a wealth of information about Scotland and the Scots. Resources include digitized books and the 1892-6 Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland.

People of Medieval Scotland

Go to People of Medieval Scotland

A database of people in Scotland mentioned in over 8600 contemporary documents.

Scottish Mining

Go to Scottish Mining

This site contains information on the history of coal, iron ore and shale mining in Scotland. It includes a database containing more than 22,000 names. It also has data on housing, health and strikes as well as the employment of children in the industry.

Survey of Scottish Witchcraft

Go to Scottish Witchcraft

A database of 4000 names of people who were accused of witchcraft in Scotland between 1563 and 1736.

Dictionary of Scottish Architects

Go to Scottish Architects

A database of architects who worked in Scotland between 1660 and 1980. Entries include biographical information, employment and training as well as details of buildings worked on.

Grace’s Guide to British Industrial History

Go to Grace’s Guide

Grace’s Guide is an amazing free resource with a wealth of material about the history of British (including Scottish) industries. It includes details of companies and individuals. There is a directory section containing extracts from a wide range of publications.

For more on this website see: Free British Industrial History for Genealogy Research

University of Glasgow Story

Go to University of Glasgow

This site includes a database with information about graduates from this university going back to 1451.

Historic Hospital Admission Records Project

Go to Historic Hospital Admissions

This resource is a database of over 140,000 admission records of four children’s hospitals in Glasgow, Scotland and London covering a period from 1852 to 1921. It requires registration to see complete records but this is completely free.

The Glasgow Story

Go to the Glasgow Story

On this site, you’ll find lots of historical information about Scotland’s largest city. The most useful resource for genealogists is the Valuation Rolls for Glasgow collection. These records cover 1913 to 1914. They can only be searched by street or area, not by name unfortunately.

Virtual Mitchell

Go to the Virtual Mitchell

This site is the online digitized images collection of the Mitchell Library in Glasgow. These historic photographs feature Glasgow’s buildings, streets and people.

Scottish Handwriting

Go to Scottish Handwriting

A website from the National Records of Scotland. It contains examples and tutorials where you can learn how to read old Scottish handwriting; a skill needed when deciphering old documents.

Dictionary of the Scots Language

Go to Scots Language

This is a useful aid for when you look at old Scottish documents and want to know the meaning of a word. The site is an online version of The Scottish National Dictionary (modern Scots, 1700 onward) and A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (12th century – 1700).

Happy researching!

1 thought on “CLAN CARRUTHERS: a Scottish Genealogy Research Guide.”

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.